TRAINING LADDER FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: FOR CARTILAGE DAMAGE ON THE KNEE CAP (CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE)
Unlimited: Cycling with raised saddle. Swimming.
Stand with support from the back of a chair or the wall. Using your hand, bend the knee and draw the foot up and your knee slightly backwards so that the muscles in the front of the thigh become increasingly stretched. Hold the position for 20 seconds and relax for 20 seconds before repeating. The exercise can also be done lying down. If you lie on your stomach you can draw the foot up by using a towel.
Seesaw. Balance on two legs, possibly using a hand as support against the wall, balancing subsequently on one leg without support. Look straight ahead and keep knees bent.
Sit on a chair with elastic around the ankle, facing the elastic. Lift the leg and slowly bend and stretch the knee.
Sit on a chair and lift the knee to a horizontal position. Hold for 1 minute, lower the leg to approx. 45 degrees for 30 seconds. Lower again to the starting position.
Sit on a chair with the injured leg on a stool or similar. Lift the leg above the stool with the foot flexed at a maximum, and hold the position for 10 seconds, followed by 10 seconds rest. The exercise should be repeated for approx. 3 minutes.
Stand on the healthy leg with the elastic around the inside of the injured leg. Move the injured leg from side to side in a slow smooth movement. Moving the position of the elastic lower down the leg can increase the load.
Stand on the healthy leg with the elastic around the outside of the injured leg. Move the injured leg from side to side in a slow smooth movement. Moving the position of the elastic lower down the leg can increase the load.
Stand with the elastic around the injured leg, facing away from the elastic. Move the leg forwards and slowly backwards. The elastic can be moved up and down the leg depending upon the strength of the knee – the stronger the knee, the lower the elastic should be.
Stretching is carried out in the following way: stretch the muscle group for 3-5 seconds. Relax for 3-5 seconds. The muscle group should subsequently be stretched for 20 seconds. The muscle is allowed to be tender, but must not hurt. Relax for 20 seconds, after which the procedure can be repeated.
The time consumed for stretching, coordination and strength training can be altered depending on the training opportunities available and individual requirements.