TRAINING LADDER FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: FOR RUPTURE OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (RUPTURA LIGAMENTUM CRUCIATUM ANTERIUS)
The following exercises can only be considered as a supplement to the guidelines furnished by the doctor which performed the operation. Specific precautions are necessary as the operation can be complicated. The training must not bring about swelling or pain in the knee.
Stand with the injured leg stretched backwards with the toes facing front. Slowly bend the knee so that the calf muscles become increasingly stretched. Hold the position for 20 seconds and relax for 20 seconds before repeating.
Stand with the injured leg outstretched with the ankle joint bent up against the wall. Press your abdomen against the wall so that the calf muscles become increasingly stretched. Hold the position for 20 seconds and relax for 20 seconds before repeating.
Lie on your back. Draw the injured leg up towards your head so that the muscles in the back of the thigh become increasingly stretched. Perform the exercise with outstretched as well as bent knee. Hold the position for 20 seconds and relax for 20 seconds before repeating. The exercise can also be performed standing with the injured leg outstretched on a chair while the upper body is bent slightly forwards.
Stand with one leg outstretched and the other slightly bent. Thrust your weight to the side over the bent leg so that the inner side of the opposite thigh becomes increasingly stretched. Hold the position for 20 seconds and relax for 20 seconds before repeating.
Stand on one leg on the floor or a mattress. Look straight ahead and keep the knee slightly bent.
Stand on your toes with bent knees. Place your weight forward on the toes and keep your balance.
Sit on a chair with the injured leg on a stool or similar. Lift the leg above the stool with the foot flexed at a maximum, and hold the position for 10 seconds, followed by 10 seconds rest. The exercise should be repeated for approx. 3 minutes.
Lie on your stomach on the floor with your arms above your head and with outstretched legs. Lift right arm and left leg together, changing to lift left arm and right leg together.
Lie on the floor with the injured leg. Press the leg against the floor and tip the foot up. Hold the position for approx. 10 seconds. You have to feel a stretching of the anterior thigh. Rest for approx. 10 seconds. Repeat the exercise for approx. 3 minutes.
Lie on your back with a ball or firm round cushion under both feet. Raise your backside up from the floor and hold your feet on the ball. Hold the position for a few seconds.
Lie on your back with the heel of the injured leg resting on the bench or a smooth floor. Bend and stretch the injured leg while keeping contact with the surface at all times.
Lie on your back with legs bent and a ball between your knees. Squeeze your knees together for 25 seconds, and rest for 10 seconds before repeating.
Stretching is carried out in the following way: stretch the muscle group for 3-5 seconds. Relax for 3-5 seconds. The muscle group should subsequently be stretched for 20 seconds. The muscle is allowed to be tender, but must not hurt. Relax for 20 seconds, after which the procedure can be repeated.
The time consumed for stretching, coordination and strength training can be altered depending on the training opportunities available and individual requirements.