Kategoriarkiv: Sprained finger joint



Hyperextension injury to the PIP joint or to the MP joint of the thumb–a clinical study.

Jespersen B, Nielsen NS, Bonnevie BE, Boeckstyns ME. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 1998 Sep;32(3):317-21.

We present a prospective study of the diagnosis and clinical course of 60 patients with 57 pure hyperextension injuries to the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint of the long fingers (fingers 2-5) and seven injuries to the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint of the thumb. Thirty four of the injuries (57%) were related to ball sports, and the ulnar fingers of the non-dominant hand were usually affected. There were 24 avulsion fractures at the site of the insertion of the volar plate on to the middle phalanx. Twelve (20%) initially presented with hyperextension instability, and this was usually associated with an avulsion fracture. Thirty four of the patients (57%) had symptoms for less than one month, while 10 (17%) complained of symptoms six months after the injury. Severe complications such as daily pain and stiffness were encountered in three cases. The triad sign (pain on extreme flexion and extension) was of no use as a diagnostic or prognostic factor, nor did the radiographic stress-view help to identify acute instability of the joint.




Objective: Stabilise finger joints.

Application: Two anchor strips are applied, one on each side of the affected joint on the finger. Strips are similarly applied to the neighbouring finger. The two fingers are subsequently taped together with strips on the anchors. The healthy finger can in this manner stabilise the injured finger, whilst both fingers can still be bent and stretched.



Early active mobilisation of volar plate avulsion fractures.

Gaine WJ, Beardsmore J, Fahmy N. Injury 1998 Oct;29(8):589-91.

This is a prospective follow up of 190 consecutive cases of volar plate avulsion fractures. A standard management regimen of immediate, active movement was followed in all cases and physiotherapy was rarely required. Of the 190 patients, 162 were followed up for at least one year. An excellent or good outcome was achieved in 98 per cent. Patients presenting more than three weeks from injury had a worse outcome. The size and displacement of the avulsed fragment did not affect the outcome. For the stable joint, early active mobilisation with minimal or no splintage provides a good result.



Role of MR imaging in the management of “skier’s thumb” injuries.

Plancher KD, Ho CP, Cofield SS, Viola R, Hawkins RJ. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 1999 Feb;7(1):73-84, viii.

“Skier’s thumb” is an acute rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint of the thumb. As the method of choice in evaluating soft tissue injuries, MR imaging is useful in evaluating UCL injuries. This article reviews current concepts regarding the rupture of the UCL, including a study of 34 UCL injuries in which MR imaging was used as the main diagnostic tool. When correlated with surgical findings, MR imaging resulted in identifying UCL tears with 96% sensitivity and 95% specificity.



Sonography of the injured ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb.

Hergan K, Mittler C. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1995 Jan;77(1):77-83.

We used high-resolution ultrasonography to image the ulnar collateral ligament in 39 patients who had sustained recent injuries of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb. All the patients were subsequently operated on and the lesions of the ligament were recorded. In 36 patients the preoperative ultrasonographic diagnosis was correct. Five of these showed no rupture of the ligament. In the other 31, ultrasonography correctly distinguished between rupture in situ (15) and rupture with dislocation of the ligament (16). Misdiagnosis by ultrasonography in three cases was due to delay of the investigation (three weeks after injury) in one, to technical error in one and to misinterpretation of the image in one.



The skier’s thumb.

Heim D. Acta Orthop Belg 1999 Dec;65(4):440-6.

The incidence of skier’s thumb (rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament of the first metacarpophalangeal joint) is increasing. To determine whether conservative or surgical treatment is indicated, ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been advocated in the last few years. Surgery should be performed in the case of an unstable joint with a ligamentous tear or in the presence of a displaced bony fragment. Several techniques for surgical repair in acute and old ruptures are proposed. Conservative and postoperative treatment consists of immobilization of the joint in a splint or thumb spica cast for 4 weeks. The best results are obtained in bony avulsion fractures. Conservative treatment of lesions requiring surgical treatment may result in permanent disability of the joint; thus, correct diagnosis is mandatory.