Kategoriarkiv: Stiff toe syndrome



The treatment of rigid hallux using Swanson’s silastic implant (single and double stem). Clinical, radiological and podobarographic review with a 16-year maximum follow-up.

Mahieu C, Chaput A, Bouillet R. Acta Orthop Belg 1992;58(3):314-24.

Twenty-eight cases of hallux rigidus treated with the Swanson Silastic implant (single and double stem) were reviewed, with an 8-year follow-up. The skin complication rate was significant. Long-term patient satisfaction was good. Radiologic findings were alarming: implants seem to wear out quickly on the articular side, and granulomatous reactions develop around the stems. Dynamic pedobarography shows decreased pressure under the first ray, with transfer of the weight to the midmetatarsal heads, sometimes on the external edge of the foot. The authors review the international literature on the etiology, pathology and treatment of hallux rigidus. Surgical indications and techniques are specified.



Outcomes in hallux rigidus patients treated nonoperatively: a long-term follow-up study.

Smith RW, Katchis SD, Ayson LC. Foot Ankle Int 2000 Nov;21(11):906-13.

The purpose of this study was to analyze radiographic outcome and patient satisfaction in non-operative care of hallux rigidus. Twenty-two patients representing 24 feet were surveyed and radiographed. Average follow-up was 14.4 years (range, 12-19 years). In 75% (18/24) of the feet, the patients would “still chose not to have surgery” if they had to make the decision again. The pain remained about the same in 22 feet, improved with time in one, and became worse in one. The most common reason given for not having surgery was that the pain was not severe enough. The most common type of self-care was a shoe with an “ample toe box.” More patients benefited from a stiff sole than a soft sole, but the majority of patients did not cite the sole of the shoe as being important. There was measurable loss of cartilage space radiographically over time in 16 of 24 feet, and in eight of the 16 feet, the loss of cartilage space was dramatic. The majority of hallux rigidus patients rated their pain as staying the same over a twelve-year period, despite significant deterioration of joint space noted radiographically.



Hallux valgus and hallux rigidus: MRI findings.

Schweitzer ME, Maheshwari S, Shabshin N. Clin Imaging 1999 Nov-Dec;23(6):397-402.

The purpose of this article is to describe the MR findings of Hallux Valgus (HV) and Hallux Rigidus (HR). Twenty-four patients (11 with HV, 4 with HR, and 9 with both HV and HR) were studied at 1.5 Tesla MRI. Two separate observers evaluated the first ray blindly for the following signs: sesamoid position, sesamoid proliferation, hypertrophy of the median eminence, presence of a lateral facet, presence of an adventitial bursa, shape of the first metatarsal head, relative length of the first metatarsal, joint space loss, osteophytes (dorsalor lateral), marrow edema, geodes, subchondral sclerosis, intra-articular ossicle, and pes planus. The most common findings observed in HV were a hypertrophic medial eminence (95%), sesamoid proliferation (90%) and adventitial bursitis (70%). The most common findings observed in HR were osteophytes (77% and 69%), geodes, and marrow edema. We conclude that traditional routine radiograph signs of HV and HR may be applied to MR images.