Metacarpal and phalangeal fractures in athletes.
Capo JT, Hastings H 2nd. Clin Sports Med 1998 Jul;17(3):491-511.
The high demands placed on the upper extremity in sporting activities subject the competitive athlete to common injuries of the hand. Treatment options are based on the fracture configuration, associated extremity injuries, and status of the surrounding soft tissue. Metacarpal and phalangeal fractures may usually be treated by closed, nonoperative methods, and most athletes may quickly return to play with a protective orthosis. Supplemental methods of fixation, such as percutaneous pins and tension-band wires, may be used for unstable fractures. When required, open reduction and internal fixation can provide optimum stability to the fracture, which allows immediate range-of-motion and early return to play.