Scheuermann’s kyphosis.

Ali RM, Green DW, Patel TC. Curr Opin Pediatr 1999 Feb;11(1):70-5

Scheuermann’s disease is a kyphotic deformity of the spine that develops in early adolescence. This condition has been reported to occur in 0.4% to 8% of the general population, with an equal distribution between sexes. Diagnosis of Scheuermann’s disease is suggested on clinical examination; however, parents of children affected often confuse it with poor posture. Radiographs are the standard imaging modality used to confirm the diagnosis of Scheuermann’s disease. Classic signs include vertebral end plate irregularity, disk space narrowing, and anterior wedging of involved vertebral bodies. Other diagnostic tools such as CT scans or magnetic resonance imaging may also be of value in the evaluation of Scheuermann’s disease. The mode of treatment for this condition depends upon the severity of the deformity, remaining growth, and presence or absence of symptoms. Early treatment may be limited to observation and exercises, whereas patients who have kyphosis of up to 75 degrees and how have growth remaining may benefit from bracing. Surgical correction is reserved for severe cases that are symptomatic and refractory to conservative management.